Sinusitis is an inflammatory condition that causes the sinuses to become blocked and filled with fluid. It is typically brought on by a cold or allergies. The obstruction may lead to an infection.
Different types of sinuses
The paranasal sinuses are situated near your nose and the eyes in your head. They get their names from the bones that support their structure.
Types of Sinusitis
Acute bacterial sinusitis This phrase refers to a rapid onset of cold symptoms such as runny nose, stuffy nose, and face discomfort that does not resolve within 10 days, or symptoms that seem to improve but then return and are worse than the original symptoms (termed "double sickening"). Antibiotics and decongestants work well on it.
Chronic sinusitis This is a condition that lasts at least 12 weeks and is characterized by nasal congestion, discharge, face pain/pressure, and a reduced sense of smell.
Subacute sinusitis This phrase refers to symptoms that persist for four to twelve weeks.
Recurrent acute sinusitis This phrase refers to symptoms that return four or more times in a year and persist for less than two weeks each time.
What causes sinusitis?
Sinusitis is caused by a virus, bacterium, or fungus that causes the sinuses to enlarge and get blocked. Among the particular reasons are:
What are the symptoms and signs of sinusitis?
Sinusitis often develops after an upper respiratory tract infection, such as a cold. You may get sinusitis if you have a prolonged cold and develop the symptoms listed below. Sinusitis symptoms include:
Diagnosis of Sinus Infection
To determine whether you have a sinus infection, your doctor will question you about your symptoms and when they began, as well as do a physical exam. This exam may involve checking for polyps in the nose, doing a transillumination test (shining a light against the sinuses) to detect inflammation, and tapping the sinus region to detect infections.
Your doctor may order further tests if you have a persistent sinus infection, such as:
Treatment choices are determined by how long the disease persists. Sinusitis, both acute and subacute. A doctor may recommend therapy if symptoms continue or become severe.
MedicationsAntibiotics may be prescribed if a bacterial infection is present. If the symptoms persist after the antibiotics have been finished, the patient should see a doctor.
A doctor will determine if you have a sinus infection by doing a physical examination. Antibiotics are not needed for many sinus infections.
Sinus surgery using a nasal endoscope is the most commonly suggested procedure for chronic sinusitis-infected people. The doctor uses the same type of thin endoscope used during the diagnostic exam. This procedure requires no visible incisions, is performed under general anesthesia.