Common winter diseases and a guide to protect yourselves

In India, the winter season begins in mid-November and lasts until the last week of February. People experience health issues during these months as a result of climate change. People's health is affected in some way by shorter days and longer nights. Aside from that, the body's immune system deteriorates, necessitating the consumption of nutritious food in order to maintain excellent health. The winter season brings with it a wealth of fruits and green vegetables, which aid digestion, and exercise, which ensures that the heart and other organs function properly.



How To Prevent Common Winter Ailments The Common Cold

The common cold is far too common, and we often ignore it as a natural part of the changing seasons. A typical cold can cause a sore throat, chest congestion, headache, sneezing, runny nose, and other symptoms. The common cold, which affects both adults and children, is expected to go away in a few days and does not require any major medical attention.

Prevention

To recover from this health problem, it is important to rest, eat home-cooked foods, and drink enough fluids.

Flu

While the flu is not as serious as the average cold, it should not be neglected. The flu is a contagious respiratory ailment caused by a virus known as influenza. It might also be minor or severe. A flu patient, like a cold patient, suffers from body pains, sore throats, fever, headaches, and other symptoms that can ruin the season.

Prevention
  • Maintain respiratory hygiene by routinely washing your hands to avoid flu germs and bacteria.
  • When you cough or sneeze, keep your mouth covered with your hands.
  • Keep your distance if someone has a cold.
  • Exercise on a daily basis to boost your immunity.
  • Strep Throat (Streptococcus aureus)

    A sore throat is extremely irritating and uncomfortable. However, strep throat is even worse! Strep throat is a severe form of sore throat that is accompanied by a fever caused by an infection. It's caused by a bacterial infection and is extremely frequent among children. Symptoms of strep throat include difficulty swallowing food or drink headache, swollen lymph nodes, fever, and other similar conditions.

    Prevention
  • Consult a doctor as soon as possible.
  • Proper sleep
  • Drink some warm water.
  • Bronchitis

    Bronchitis is common among children and toddlers under the age of two. Bronchitis is a respiratory ailment caused by the respiratory syncytial virus or RSV. Breathing difficulties are common symptoms caused by the inflammation of airway passages in the lungs when they get congested. Bronchitis patients endure a slight fever, nasal congestion, wheezing, and coughing.

    Prevention
  • Get adequate sleep.
  • Get more rest.
  • Keep hydrated.
  • Pneumonia

    Pneumonia is another type of lung infection that is widespread throughout the winter months. Bacterial diseases can be light or severe in nature, which means that if they are minor, they can be treated at home, but if they become serious, they may require hospitalization.

    People with weakened immune systems or health conditions such as asthma, heart disease, or even cancer are more likely to contract pneumonia. Unfortunately, in its early stages, this condition is difficult to identify. However, if the patient has a persistent cold or a high fever, it is preferable to consult a doctor.

    Prevention
  • After using the restroom, wash your hands.
  • Exercise on a daily basis.
  • Consume nutritious foods such as seasonal vegetables and fruits.
  • If you smoke, stop immediately.
  • Winter Skin problems

    Along with respiratory issues, winter brings several skin problems, such as itching, eczema flare-ups, psoriasis flare-ups, and so on. This season's most basic skincare requirement is to keep the skin hydrated.

    In the winter, the most prevalent skin issues are dry, itchy skin, dehydrated skin, UV damage, and chapped lips. Many people are unaware that they must continue to wear sunscreen before going outside.

    How to Avoid Winter Skin Issues
  • Stay hydrated from the inside out by eating healthily, drinking plenty of water, and moisturizing yourself.
  • To get rid of flaky skin, apply an exfoliator and avoid using soaps with a high PH.
  • Also, after a bath, avoid scrubbing yourself dry.
  • If you have chapped lips, utilize vitamin A and E preparations. Also, for the best effect, wet your lips with cool water before applying your lip balm.
  • Bathing in very hot water will cause dry patches on your skin.
  • Apply a natural cleanser and moisturizer.