A physician removes the damaged components of your hip joint and replaces them with parts composed of metal, ceramic, or highly durable plastic during hip replacement surgery. This prosthetic joint (prosthesis) helps to reduce pain and increase function. If your hip pain interferes with daily activities and nonsurgical treatments haven't helped or are no longer effective, hip replacement surgery, also known as total hip arthroplasty, may be an option for you. Arthritis deterioration is the most common reason for hip replacement.
Artificial hips and components may be used in a whole hip replacement, a partial hip replacement, or a resurfacing procedure, depending on the needs of the patient. A total hip replacement, also known as hip arthroplasty, is a surgical operation that involves the removal of the damaged socket of the acetabulum and femoral head and replacing it with artificial components. A total artificial hip joint typically comprises a stem inserted into the top of the femur, a ball on top of the stem, a cup or liner to replace the socket, and a liner between the new ball and the new cup. If damage to a hip joint has not affected all parts of the joint, a partial hip replacement may be performed.
Conditions that might harm the hip joint and necessitate hip replacement surgery include
Osteoarthritis Osteoarthritis, often known as wear-and-tear arthritis, is a condition that causes damage to the slippery cartilage that covers the ends of bones and allows joints to move smoothly.
Rheumatoid arthritis As a result of an overactive immune system
Osteonecrosis If there is an insufficient blood supply to the ball part (femoral head) of the hip joint, which may occur as a result of a dislocation or fracture.
If you suffer hip discomfort that is caused by one of the following factors, you may want to consider hip replacement.
It takes a few hours to finish the procedure. To do a hip replacement, your surgeon will need to accomplish the following
Following the surgery