All you need to know about Hip Replacement

A physician removes the damaged components of your hip joint and replaces them with parts composed of metal, ceramic, or highly durable plastic during hip replacement surgery. This prosthetic joint (prosthesis) helps to reduce pain and increase function. If your hip pain interferes with daily activities and nonsurgical treatments haven't helped or are no longer effective, hip replacement surgery, also known as total hip arthroplasty, may be an option for you. Arthritis deterioration is the most common reason for hip replacement.



Artificial hips and components may be used in a whole hip replacement, a partial hip replacement, or a resurfacing procedure, depending on the needs of the patient. A total hip replacement, also known as hip arthroplasty, is a surgical operation that involves the removal of the damaged socket of the acetabulum and femoral head and replacing it with artificial components. A total artificial hip joint typically comprises a stem inserted into the top of the femur, a ball on top of the stem, a cup or liner to replace the socket, and a liner between the new ball and the new cup. If damage to a hip joint has not affected all parts of the joint, a partial hip replacement may be performed.

Conditions that might harm the hip joint and necessitate hip replacement surgery include

Osteoarthritis Osteoarthritis, often known as wear-and-tear arthritis, is a condition that causes damage to the slippery cartilage that covers the ends of bones and allows joints to move smoothly.

Rheumatoid arthritis As a result of an overactive immune system

Osteonecrosis If there is an insufficient blood supply to the ball part (femoral head) of the hip joint, which may occur as a result of a dislocation or fracture.

If you suffer hip discomfort that is caused by one of the following factors, you may want to consider hip replacement.

  • Despite pain medicine, hip discomfort persists.
  • Walking makes it worse, even with a cane or walker.
  • Difficulty in getting dressed and pain interferes with your sleep.
  • It has an impact on your capacity to climb or descend stairs.
  • Difficulty in getting out of a sitting position.

Treatment

It takes a few hours to finish the procedure. To do a hip replacement, your surgeon will need to accomplish the following

  • Make an incision on the front or side of your hip through the layers of tissue.
  • The diseased and damaged bone and cartilage are removed while the healthy bone is preserved.
  • A prosthetic cup is inserted into your pelvic bone to replace the damaged socket of the acetabulum.
  • The prosthetic ball is attached to a stem that fits into your thigh bone and replaces your femoral head.
  • Techniques for hip replacement are evolving all the time. Surgeons are continuously developing minimally invasive surgical methods that might reduce recovery time and pain.
  • Following the surgery

  • When the anesthetic wears off, you'll be sent to a recovery area for a few hours.
  • Medical professionals will monitor your blood pressure, pulse, consciousness, pain or comfort level, and medication requirements.
  • Your unique demands decide the length of your stay following surgery. Many people can return home the same day.
  • Deep breaths, coughing, or blowing into a device will be recommended to help keep fluid out of your lungs.