All you need to know about Female Infertility

Infertility affects around one out of every six couples. A couple is diagnosed with infertility if they have been trying to conceive for a year and have been unsuccessful. Female infertility occurs when the cause is found to be with the female partner. Female infertility accounts for almost half of all infertility cases, and infertility in women accounts for roughly one-third of all infertility cases. Book your appointment today for female infertility at BEWELL hospital.

Female Infertility Causes

Female infertility can be caused by a variety of factors, including:

Ovulation Issues Every month, normal ovaries must generate and release an egg, which is known as ovulation. Any issues with ovulation might have an impact on fertility and produce consequences. Hypothalamic dysfunction, PCOS, early ovarian failure, hyperprolactinemia, and other factors can all contribute to ovulation issues.

Fertility problem in a partner To become pregnant, you must have sperm that fertilises the eggs. If your partner's fertility is compromised, you will have difficulty conceiving.

Blocked Fallopian Tubes The fallopian tubes are where an egg and a sperm meet to fuse. Fertilization cannot occur if your fallopian tubes are blocked. Tubal infertility can also be caused by pelvic inflammatory disease, previous surgeries, pelvic tuberculosis, and endometriosis.

Implantation Difficulties Even if everything goes well during the fertilisation process, the embryo must implant in the uterine walls. Infertility is also indicated if implantation does not occur in more than one pregnancy cycle.

Endometriosis, benign polyps or tumors, fibroids, uterine abnormalities, and cervical stenosis are all medical conditions that can make it difficult to conceive naturally.

Smoking and consuming alcohol can have an effect on the ovarian reserve, resulting in fewer good-quality eggs in the ovaries. It means that your chances of becoming pregnant are even smaller.

How is infertility in women diagnosed?

A thorough physical exam is used to assess potential female infertility. A medical history regarding potential factors that may contribute to infertility will be taken as part of the exam.

To assess fertility, healthcare providers may use one or more of the following tests/exams:

  • A urine or blood test to look for infections or hormone issues, such as thyroid function.
  • Breast and pelvic examinations
  • A sample of cervical mucus and tissue is taken to see if ovulation is taking place.
  • A laparoscope is inserted into the abdomen to inspect organs and look for blockages, adhesions, or scar tissue.
  • HSG is an x-ray that is used in conjunction with a coloured liquid inserted into the fallopian tubes to help the technician check for blockage.
  • To detect uterine anomalies, a tiny telescope with a fibre light is used in hysteroscopy.
  • Ultrasound examination of the uterus and ovaries. It is possible to perform the procedure vaginally or abdominally.
  • Sonohysterograms combine ultrasonography with saline injections into the uterus to detect anomalies or issues.
  • Tracking your ovulation via fertility awareness will also assist your healthcare professional in determining your fertility status.
  • Treatment for female infertility

    Infertility therapy is determined by a variety of factors, including your age, the cause of infertility, and the couple's personal preferences. Some women's fertility may be recovered with one or two treatments, but other women may require more than 2-3 sessions.

    Infertility treatments have two major goals: one is to help you recover your fertility through surgery or medications, and the other is to help you conceive through ART techniques.

    Female infertility treatment may involve the following:

    Medicines for Fertility Restoration Women who have irregular ovulation cycles may require drugs to regulate them. These medications are natural hormones that help infertile women manage and accelerate ovulation. Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) aid in the stimulation of ovulation and the restoration of fertility. Clomiphene citrate, metformin, letrozole, gonadotropins, and other reproductive medications are available. Fertility medications require monitoring once given; therefore, please check your doctor before using them.

    Surgical Fertility Restoration: By treating various infertility issues, we can restore women's fertility with the help of some procedures. Tubal operations are performed by doctors to address tubal anomalies. The doctor may use laparoscopic surgery to remove adhesions, create a new opening, or dilate a tube to treat fallopian tube disorders, among other things. The doctor can use laparoscopic surgery to rectify or treat aberrant uterus shape, endometrial polyps and fibroids in the uterine cavity, pelvic or uterine adhesions, and other conditions. Laparoscopy can also be used to remove ovarian cysts such as endometriomas and dermoids, as well as to restore a tubo-ovarian link.

    ART Procedures: Assisted Reproductive Techniques (ART) may assist infertile women in becoming pregnant. Advanced techniques such as IVF, ICSI, and IUI assist a woman in becoming pregnant. The type of ART method used is determined by the cause of infertility, the woman's age, and other factors.

    Female infertility prevention

    If you intend to become pregnant in the near future, you must concentrate and plan your pregnancy. We can prevent reproductive problems in women by making a few lifestyle modifications. These are some lifestyle and dietary adjustments that will protect your fertility.

    Quit smoking: Smoking is harmful for your health, and if you're planning a pregnancy, it might have a negative impact on your fertility.

    Maintain a Healthy Weight: Maintaining a healthy weight is essential for being fit and active. Obesity can make it difficult to conceive.

    Abstinence from alcohol: Just like smoking, abstinence from alcohol reduces fertility. Its ingestion has an impact on the development of the foetus as well.

    Reduce stress: Any form of stress or tension is detrimental to your overall health. It has also demonstrated the ineffectiveness of fertility therapies. Book your appointment today for female infertility at BEWELL hospital.